Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms
Based on "A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special to Environmental Karst Hydrology" EPA/600/R-02/003, 2002, EPA: Washington, DC., Speleogenesis Glossary includes 2699 cave & karst terms
Calcium carbonate deposited from water dripping from the ceiling or wall of a cave or from the overhanging edge of a rock shelter; commonly refers to the rock in stalactites, stalagmites, and other similar speleothems; in some places composed of aragonite or gypsum . Synonyms: (French.) concretions; (German.) Tropfstein, Stalagmit, Stalaktit; (Greek.) stalaktitis, stalagmitis; (Italian.) concrezione; (Russian.) kapeljnik; (Spanish.) concrecion (estalagmitjca o estalactitica); (Turkish.) damlatasi; (Yugoslavian.) sige, smugori. See also flowstone.