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Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology

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Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That subterranean cut-off is the diversion underground of a surface watercourse beneath a surface meander neck, marked by a swallow hole on the upstream side and a spring on the downstream side [19]. see also stream piracy.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

What is Karstbase?



Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

UISK, Simferopol
Speleology and Karstology, 2008, Issue 1, p. 23-46
Principal features and problems of karst hydrogeology: Speleogenetic approach

The principal problems of karst hydrogeology and its distinctions from “common” hydrogeology are rooted in the facts that porosity and permeability in karst aquifers 1) are characterised by high heterogeneity and anisotropy, 2) are not inherent and static characteristics of an aquifer but form and develop in the process of the dissolution action of flow on the host rocks. Speleogenetic research focuses on deciphering of mechanisms and rates of solution conduits development, in final analysis – on their evolution, i.e. on revealing of nature of extreme heterogeneity and anisotropy of percolation properties and hierarchical organization of permeability.

The paper provides general characterization of karst porosity and permeability and discusses conceptual models of karst aquifers. Karst aquifers have multi-porosity structure, with respective flow components demonstrating different hydrodynamic behaviour and complex interaction. Various methods of determination of percolation properties characterize medium on a certain level, depending on the scale of the tested domain. Conduit permeability can be adequately estimated only in the scale of a basin (karst hydrological system). Validity of hydrogeological modeling decreases from regional to the local scales of a domain. 

Advances in development of speleogenesis theory attained in last decades of the 20 century render large influence on understanding of peculiar features of karst hydrogeology. The paper outlines principal theoretical regularities of speleogenesis, which, as well as respective conduit permeability structures, differ substantially for unconfined and confined hydrogeological environments.