Karst and Cave RSS news feed Like us on Facebook! follow us on Twitter!
Community news

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 11 Jul, 2012
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That bed, stream is the bottom of a stream covered by water [16].?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

What is Karstbase?

Search KARSTBASE:

keyword
author

Browse Speleogenesis Issues:

KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals

UISK, Simferopol
Speleology and Karstology, 2009, Issue 3, p. 66-72
Peculiarities of development and distribution of karst features in evaporite successions of the Western Caucasus
Abstract:

Karst landforms are well represented in the upper Jurassic evaporite rocks of the Western Caucasus. Upper part of evaporite successions is represented by gypsum, and lower parts are composed with anhydrite. Gypsum rocks extend by a narrow band to the north from the Skalisty (Rocky) Ridge. Maximum thickness of gypsum successions is observed at the area between rivers Belaya and Bolshoy Zelenchouk. Most of karst landforms occur here.

Climate conditions are favorable for karst process. The amount of precipitation is about 600-900 mm per year. Dissolution rates are about 500-800 m3 year/km2.

Karst features at the surface are presented by dolines, blind valleys and depressions. Dolines with diameters of 60-70 m are most common. Karrens are developed under the soil. Positive karst landforms are presented by cone-like hills, arches and bridges. Some residual hills are composed by calcite dripstones of ancient caves, buried under the soil. Shelter caves are related to active or old destructed caves.

Underground karst  features are mainly presented by through caves, accessible from sink point to resurgence. There is known 9 caves longer than 500 m. All caves longer than 1 km are situated in the area between Khodz and Urup rivers. Passage shapes are stretched vertically, with some terraces.  Cave deposits are presented mostly by gravel, breakdown clasts and dripstones (mostly calcite).

Cave regions were distinguished by areas between rivers that drain karst massives. We analyzed distribution of caves and their parameters at selected areas. Some of cave regions are well-explored.

Cave exploration and protection are important because some caves are situated at the areas where gypsum mining is planned, so that caves can be destroyed.