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Featured article from geoscience journal

PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Geomorphology, 2005, Vol 67, Issue 0, p. 457-471
Morphometry and distribution of isolated caves as a guide for phreatic and confined paleohydrological conditions
Abstract:

Isolated caves are a special cave type common in most karst terrains, formed by prolonged slow water flow where aggressivity is locally boosted. The morphometry and distribution of isolated caves are used here to reconstruct the pateohydrology of a karstic mountain range. Within a homogenous karstic rock sequence, two main types of isolated caves are distinguished, and each is associated with a special hydrogeologic setting: maze caves form by rising water in the confined zone of the aquifer, under the Mt. Scopus Group (Israel) confinement, while chamber caves are formed in phreatic conditions, apparently by lateral flow mixing with a vadose input from above. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved