Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms
Based on "A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special to Environmental Karst Hydrology" EPA/600/R-02/003, 2002, EPA: Washington, DC., Speleogenesis Glossary includes 2699 cave & karst terms
1. Vertical, or steeply inclined, sections of a cave passage, of enormously varied size. The world's deepest known shaft is the entrance shaft of Brezno pod Velbom on the Kanin plateau, Slovenia; it is 501m deep, with no ledges. Much debate surrounds statistics on the depths of fully underground shafts, which may be broken by ledges, but among the deepest is a shaft about 430m deep in Italy's Abisso di Monte Novegno . 2. A cylindrical tube generally steep sided, that forms by solution and (or) collapse . 3. A vertical passage in a cave . 4. A vertical and usually large diameter hole penetrating geologic formations for access of subsurface points . See jama, karst shaft. See also pit; pothole (definition 2.).