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Enviroscan Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology


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Community news

Speleology in Kazakhstan

Shakalov on 04 Jul, 2018
Hello everyone!   I pleased to invite you to the official site of Central Asian Karstic-Speleological commission ("Kaspeko")   There, we regularly publish reports about our expeditions, articles and reports on speleotopics, lecture course for instructors, photos etc. ...

New publications on hypogene speleogenesis

Klimchouk on 26 Mar, 2012
Dear Colleagues, This is to draw your attention to several recent publications added to KarstBase, relevant to hypogenic karst/speleogenesis: Corrosion of limestone tablets in sulfidic ground-water: measurements and speleogenetic implications Galdenzi,

The deepest terrestrial animal

Klimchouk on 23 Feb, 2012
A recent publication of Spanish researchers describes the biology of Krubera Cave, including the deepest terrestrial animal ever found: Jordana, Rafael; Baquero, Enrique; Reboleira, Sofía and Sendra, Alberto. ...

Caves - landscapes without light

akop on 05 Feb, 2012
Exhibition dedicated to caves is taking place in the Vienna Natural History Museum   The exhibition at the Natural History Museum presents the surprising variety of caves and cave formations such as stalactites and various crystals. ...

Did you know?

That trough is a depression usually on the land surface, but can be found to occur in ground water.?

Checkout all 2699 terms in the KarstBase Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms


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KarstBase a bibliography database in karst and cave science.

Featured articles from Cave & Karst Science Journals
Chemistry and Karst, White, William B.
See all featured articles
Featured articles from other Geoscience Journals
Karst environment, Culver D.C.
Mushroom Speleothems: Stromatolites That Formed in the Absence of Phototrophs, Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; D’Angeli Ilenia M.; Tisato, Nicola; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Gonzales, Esteban R. G.; De Waele, Jo
Calculating flux to predict future cave radon concentrations, Rowberry, Matt; Marti, Xavi; Frontera, Carlos; Van De Wiel, Marco; Briestensky, Milos
Microbial mediation of complex subterranean mineral structures, Tirato, Nicola; Torriano, Stefano F.F;, Monteux, Sylvain; Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Lavagna, Maria Luisa; D’Angeli, Ilenia Maria; Chailloux, Daniel; Renda, Michel; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Bontognali, Tomaso Renzo Rezio
Evidence of a plate-wide tectonic pressure pulse provided by extensometric monitoring in the Balkan Mountains (Bulgaria), Briestensky, Milos; Rowberry, Matt; Stemberk, Josef; Stefanov, Petar; Vozar, Jozef; Sebela, Stanka; Petro, Lubomir; Bella, Pavel; Gaal, Ludovit; Ormukov, Cholponbek;
See all featured articles from other geoscience journals


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Journal of Sedimentary Research, 2004, Vol 74, Issue 3, p. 328-341

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Floating Rafts of Calcite Crystals in Cave Pools, Central Texas, U.S.A.: Crystal Habit vs. Saturation State

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Abstract:
Calcite precipitation at the air-water interface in cave pools in central Texas (U.S.A) produces floating rafts of interconnected, low-Mg calcite crystals with individual crystal habits that range from equant (length to width = 1:1) to prismatic (4:1). Saturation state for the waters ranges from -0.19 to .35 (SIc = log IAP/K). Equant crystals precipitate from waters with a lower saturation index (SIc) and form rafts with a fused fabric whereas prismatic crystals precipitate from higher-SIc waters and form rafts with an interlaced fabric. The pools contain low-magnesium (molal Mg/Ca < 0.6), calcium-bicarbonate, and calcium-bicarbonate-nitrate type waters with temperatures that range from 13.8{degrees}C to 20.7{degrees}C and pH readings from 6.7 to 8.4. Equant euhedral crystals precipitate from water with saturation states close to equilibrium. Visible defects in the equant crystals include incomplete edges between faces and nearly circular (mean diameter 9 {micro}m) to angular holes in faces. The holes apparently result from crystallite growth around foreign objects on the crystal surface such as gas bubbles. Prismatic crystals precipitate from supersaturated water. Faces of these subhedral crystals are smaller in area than the faces of the equant crystals. No intrafacial circular holes are seen, but trigonal intercrystallite pores are common in the prismatic crystals. The variety in crystal habits, from equant to prismatic, is due to preferential growth along one crystallographic axis. Thus, in these cave pools crystal habit is related to the saturation state of the water

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Keywords: area, calcite, calcite crystals, calcite precipitation, cave, central texas, crystals, diameter, equilibria, equilibrium, face, form, gas, growth, holes, index, indexes, interface, length, log, low-mg calcite, mean diameter, ph, pores, precipitation, range, saturation, state, states, surface, temperature, temperatures, texas, water, waters, width,

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